When did gardening originate?

Gardening dates back to the first time humans deliberately decided to plant seeds. More than 23,000 years ago, our first ancestors started planting and growing their own food. By abandoning their nomadic lifestyles, these humans laid down roots that signified the beginning of civilization.


in ancient Iraq n Beautiful gardens were created in what is now Iraq in the ancient world.

The Assyrians came from Iraq and in the period 900 BC. — 612 BC, ruled a great empire in the Middle East. Like the Egyptians, the upper class Assyrians enjoyed the gardens. They created large hunting parks, but they also built recreational gardens watered by water channels.

The Assyrians planted trees such as palm trees and cypresses. Like the Egyptians, they planted trees in rows, sometimes alternating species. They also created ponds and cultivated vines and some flowers. The oldest type of gardening dates back to prehistoric times.

It was known as forest gardening. In jungles, trees grew on the banks of rivers, where they received a lot of water and sunlight. People used the wood from these trees to build shelters and make tools. They soon discovered the usefulness of certain types of trees and endeavored to cultivate more.

The orchards date back to the 1300s and possibly even earlier. People planted seeds in gardens of different shapes and sizes in order to provide food for their families. Over the centuries, gardens went from practical to decorative. Ancient Egyptians planted elaborate ornamental gardens filled with acacia trees, palm trees and colorful flowers.

Many of the world's first gardens were a mix of flowers, vegetables and herbs. Some historians believe that the first gardens built for aesthetic purposes, not purely for utility (such as agriculture), were established in ancient Egypt around the year 2000 BC. C. Defending symmetry and function, the formal gardens of ancient Egypt were exclusive to the wealthy classes, for their pleasure and for their fresh produce.

Soon after these gardens spread across Egypt, similar gardens began to appear in the Middle East. Around the same time, a different gardening philosophy developed in China. The first literary evidence of gardening comes from Sumeria in Lower Mesopotamia. Gilgamesh mentions that his city (Uruk) was “one third of gardens”, but the gardens were palm groves.

Some flowers may have been grown, but the main purpose was to grow food and gardens are unlikely to be next to houses. People lived in dry mounds and needed irrigation to grow fruits and vegetables. The Garden of Eden was “located” in Sumeria, but its status is mythological rather than historical. There were several traditions that influenced English gardening in the 18th century, the first of which was planting forests around houses.

I think there are older records of identifiable Buddhist gardens in the Indian subcontinent than other types of gardens. The natural order prevailed over the symmetry and formal structure of its former garden counterparts across the continent. From around 1,000 to. C., the Assyrian kings developed an urban garden style that incorporated a naturalistic design, running water supplied by the headwaters of rivers, and exotic plants from their campaigns abroad.

The extensive traditions that have dominated gardening since ancient times include those of the Ancient Near East, which became the Islamic garden, the Mediterranean, which produced the Roman garden, which greatly influenced later European gardening, and the Chinese garden and its development in the Japanese garden. These ideals found expression in suburban parks (Philopation, Aretai) and palatial gardens (Mesokepion, Mangana) of Constantinople. In the Western Hemisphere, several Mesoamerican cultures, such as the Maya, Mixtec, and Nahua peoples (including the Aztec Empire) had both practical and aesthetic gardening traditions. By then, a separate horticultural tradition formed in China, transmitted to Japan, where it became aristocratic gardens with miniaturized and simulated natural landscapes centered on ponds, and the severe form of Zen garden presented in temples.

With the spread of botany as a suitable subject of study for the enlightened, the Gardenesque tended to emphasize botanical curiosities and a collector's approach. According to tradition, his wife Amyitis missed the mountainous terrain of her homeland, so the king built a stepped garden terrace for her. The biblical book of Genesis mentions the Tigris and the Euphrates as two of the four rivers that border the Garden of Eden. However, when man became civilized, an upper class emerged with the leisure of enjoying purely decorative gardens.

Seneca the Younger characterized the immersive mix of art, nature and water in the gardens as if he had diverted his worried mind with the sound of undulating waters. The formal garden à la française, exemplified by the Gardens of Versailles, became the dominant horticultural style in Europe until the mid-18th century, when the English landscape garden and the French landscape garden came to domination. However, there are records and plans that indicate the types of garden a monastery could have had, such as those in St. These structural gardens were found in monasteries and were designed to grow vegetables and medicinal herbs.

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