Horticulture is the science and art of the development, sustainable production, marketing and use of high-value and intensively cultivated ornamental and food plants. The Times of India news app to get the latest news from the Sunday Times. Community gardening is defined by its shared nature; gardeners work collectively to manage a garden for shared benefit. While community gardening activities and recognizing their perceived benefits have a long history, it is in recent years that interest has developed to assess the potential of the approach to address many of the threats to health and well-being faced by global populations.
Community gardening can address chronic and noncommunicable diseases by providing opportunities for physical activity, improving nutrition, and reducing stress. Participation in gardening activities can improve well-being through greater social contact, culturally valued activities and the alleviation of food poverty. It is argued that the benefits of community gardening extend beyond the participants themselves through more coherent and cohesive communities, improved physical environments and the exchange of the products of work. While there are many claims made and a body of emerging research, no previous systematic review has sought to identify and synthesize evidence in a global context.
Ecohealth, Environment and Society, Royal Horticultural Society magazine) consulting with the project reference group for study suggestions, researchers and other possible contacts. Case-control studies; these will be included where selection and comparability criteria are clear and where steps have been taken to reduce bias. The mean difference in health outcomes between the two groups was calculated for each study, and then the size of the weighted effect was determined in both the studies and the sets of subgroups. The studies reported a wide range of health outcomes, including reductions in depression, anxiety and body mass index, as well as increases in life satisfaction, quality of life and a sense of community.
Therefore, this review will exclude all studies related to the impacts of community gardens on school environments. Meta-analytical estimates showed a significant positive effect of gardening on health outcomes for both all studies and subgroup sets, while effect sizes differed between eight subgroups. Twenty-two case studies (published after 200) were included in the meta-analysis, which comprised 76 comparisons between the control and treatment groups. Specific data extracted from qualitative studies will include topics, concepts (first and second order concepts will be clearly identified) and citations identified by study authors.
Contacting, by email, telephone and web searches of the above organizations to request studies or suggestions for sources of evidence (including internal library catalogs that are not available online); This is likely due to factors such as the nature of the activities and the disciplinary origins of studies. Evidence drawn from quantitative studies will be used to assess the strength and direction of the effect of community gardening on health and wellness outcomes. Search for forward and backward citations of all included studies, both manually and using tools such as Web of Knowledge;. The beginner can produce pleasant results without the demanding studies and practice that requires, for example, painting or music.
Quantitative studies will be used to assess the strength and direction of effect evidence and, if possible, to produce more accurate estimates of the effect through random effect meta-analysis. Chi-square tests will indicate heterogeneity and caution will be used when applied to small studies. .